what's aids, aids (obtained immune deficiency syndrome) is a lifestyles-threatening condition due to human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). the virus makes your frame vulnerable and unable to fight off infections. it does this by attacking your frame’s immune machine, killing cd4 cells (additionally referred to as t cells). left untreated, hiv can kill so many cd4 cells that your frame can now not combat off infections. when this occurs, it's miles taken into consideration level three hiv, or aids.
symptoms of aids
aids signs and symptoms are brought on by the body’s weakened immune gadget. which means that if you have aids, your body cannot combat off infections and different situations. humans who have aids are at high danger of having opportunistic infections. these infections can be resulting from bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc. they can affect any part of the body. aids additionally places you at higher risk for certain cancers, specially lymphomas and skin cancer, according to the country wide institutes of fitness (nih).
aids symptoms will vary, however may also consist of:
lung infections (cough, fever, and shortness of breath)
intestinal infections (diarrhea, stomach pain, and vomiting)
swollen lymph glands
rashes or skin lesions
what reasons aids?
aids is caused by the hiv virus. the virus is unfold from person to individual numerous ways. you may get hiv by means of having sexual contact with a person who has hiv. you can additionally get it if you percentage a needle with a person who has hiv. pregnant moms who have hiv may additionally skip it to their infants in the course of pregnancy, childbirth, or even as breastfeeding.
how is aids identified?
if you have hiv, your doctor will reveal your cd4 be counted by way of ordering a blood test. a healthy cd4 be counted stages from 500 to 1,six hundred cd4 cells. the decrease your cd4 be counted, the much less your frame can combat infection. in case your cd4 remember drops underneath 200, your health practitioner may additionally diagnose you with aids. many times, you'll additionally have already got an infection or pneumonia due to the low range of cd4 cells.
can aids be averted or prevented?
you could save you aids by using stopping hiv. the best way to save you hiv is to no longer have intercourse (vaginal, anal, or oral) with a person who has hiv, or share a needle with someone who has hiv.
different methods to save you hiv consist of:
when you have sex, practice “more secure” intercourse through the use of a condom. the great condom is a male latex condom. a lady condom isn't as powerful but does offer some safety.
do not proportion needles and syringes.
by no means allow a person else’s blood, semen, urine, vaginal fluid, or feces get into your anus, vagina, or mouth.
despite the fact that there may be no cure for hiv, there are many medicines to be had to help combat it. those drugs (known as antiretroviral therapy or art) will frequently save you hiv from progressing to aids. even if hiv does development to aids, antiretroviral therapy is frequently nevertheless effective. however, it's miles handiest the sooner you start remedy.
dwelling with aids
with out remedy, the survival rate for someone with aids is about 3 years. that quantity decreases in the event that they get an contamination or most cancers because of their weakened immune gadget.
with remedy, although, the survival price for hiv and even aids is an awful lot higher. inside the u.s.a., the general public with hiv do no longer broaden aids because powerful artwork stops disorder development. human beings with hiv who are identified early may have a existence span that is approximately the same as someone like them who does now not hiv, in step with hiv.gov.