what is avian flu, avian flu (also referred to as avian influenza a or hen flu) is a pandemic that is spread from chook to bird. in uncommon cases, certain traces of the virus can transform right into a human virus and unfold to humans. the majority who get infected with chook flu have near touch with inflamed birds or chook droppings. it is mostly a hassle in asia, africa, the pacific, the center east, and components of europe.
symptoms of avian flu
signs usually seem 2 to 7 days after exposure. they are just like what you enjoy with seasonal flu. common signs consist of:
achy muscular tissues
red eye (conjunctivitis)
extra severe symptoms can consist of:
extreme respiration problems (shortness of breath, trouble respiration, pneumonia, extreme respiratory misery, and respiratory failure)
in a few cases, avian flu can reason mental confusion and seizures. at its worst, it is able to result in dying.
as with any flu virus, a few people have better hazard of growing a extreme illness. those include:
human beings with weakened immune systems
seniors age 65 or older
what reasons avian flu?
the sickness is in particular resulting from direct contact with an infected hen. this will be through touching or plucking. it's also resulting from touch with an infected hen’s saliva or its droppings. this consists of swimming in water infected with chook droppings. it could additionally spread if you touch the surface of in which an inflamed fowl has been.
the virus spreads whilst your contaminated palms contact your nostril, eyes, or mouth. the virus can also be inhaled through small moisture droplets or dust debris. it could simplest be exceeded from human to human if it transforms into a human flu virus. this is rare.
it's also feasible to get the virus from undercooked meat or eggs from infected birds. meat should be cooked to an internal temperature of 165 f. eggs have to be cooked until the whites and the yolks are company.
your risk of having chicken flu is higher if:
you figure with chicken.
you travel to regions where the virus is present.
you contact an inflamed bird.
you move into a building that has inflamed birds or droppings from infected birds.
you devour raw or undercooked meat or eggs from infected birds.
how is avian flu diagnosed?
avian flu is commonly recognized all through a visit to the health practitioner. your health practitioner will examine you and ask you questions about your symptoms. he or she can ask you about current events that might have placed you in contact with a contaminated chook or human. lab exams are had to confirm the virus. your physician will take a pattern of mucus out of your nostril or the returned of your throat with a protracted cotton swab. that swab may be sent to the lab for checking out.
can avian flu be avoided or prevented?
the great manner to avoid the virus is to keep away from direct touch with birds in excessive-threat areas. this includes whilst visiting to the nations maximum affected and journeying live-animal markets. keeping off contact with a human recognized to have the virus also is a great way to keep away from contamination. as with any viruses, normal hand washing is the first-rate manner to control your exposure. avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth together with your fingers. use a tissue if one is to be had.
in case you know you have the disorder, do now not disclose others at work, school, and the community. try and separate your self from the relaxation of your circle of relatives at domestic. folks that work with live rooster ought to comply with their work safety suggestions.
because avian flu is rare, a vaccine to prevent it is not available to the general public. however, the centers for sickness control and prevention (cdc) developed a vaccine they may be storing in case the disorder becomes large within the u.s.
avian flu treatment
some antiviral prescription drugs can reduce or shorten the signs of the virus. but, it won’t save you or put off the virus. medical doctors treat the symptoms through recommending over the counter drugs, greater fluids, and rest. for more severe signs, hospitalization can be important. hospitalization may want to contain intravenous fluids (given thru a small needle inserted into your vein) and breathing remedies.
living with avian flu
dwelling with avian flu may additionally mean per week or two of living with mild symptoms that get higher through the years. relaxation and fluids will assist. if it will become critical, you can have to spend time within the sanatorium.