what is chlamydia, chlamydia (chlamydia trachomatis) is a sexually transmitted infection (sti). stis also are called sexually transmitted diseases (std). chlamydia is a bacterial infection that influences each men and women. chlamydia additionally can be handed on to new child toddlers by means of mothers at some stage in shipping.
signs and symptoms of chlamydia
in the early stages of the sickness, there are frequently no signs and symptoms. most of the people don’t recognize they have got it. those signs that could seem 1 to three weeks after exposure to the bacterial infection. it can consist of:
painful urination (a burning sensation).
lower belly ache.
painful sexual intercourse.
vaginal discharge in girls.
irregular intervals in women.
discharge from the penis in men.
ache in the testicles in men.
rectal ache, discharge, and bleeding for men and women who interact in anal sexual activity.
reactive arthritis in each males and females (arthritis that develops from an infection).
at its worst, chlamydia can harm a female’s fertility, making it hard to get pregnant. additionally, it can reason an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that develops outside the womb). a really extreme ectopic being pregnant can lead to a woman’s loss of life.
what causes chlamydia?
chlamydia is resulting from conducting unprotected sexual pastime (vaginal, anal, and oral) with a person who has the infection. it also can spread just via touching an infected man or woman’s genitals.
how is chlamydia recognized?
your health practitioner will take a pattern of micro organism from your genitals. for ladies, your health practitioner will swab (with a protracted cotton swab) the inner of the vagina. for guys, he or she can swab the give up of the penis. a urine take a look at also may be required. this entails peeing in a cup furnished by means of the health practitioner’s workplace. the urine sample is despatched to a lab to be examined. if you are pregnant, your health practitioner may additionally take a look at you for chlamydia even when you have no signs of the disease. chlamydia can be extraordinarily dangerous to a new child.
can chlamydia be avoided or prevented?
you could reduce your danger of chlamydia by way of requiring a associate to apply a condom. but, for the reason that disease can spread simply through touching your partner’s genitals, realize the humans with whom you have got sexual touch. restrict your wide variety of sexual partners. in case you are thinking about the use of a spermicide for start control, be aware that spermicides containing nonoxynol-nine can cause genital infection. this will definitely increase the threat of catching an std. however, the usage of a condom with nonoxynol-nine is higher than no longer using a condom at all.
girls a long time 25 and younger who're having any sort of intercourse (oral, vaginal, or anal) need to be screened through their doctor on a ordinary foundation for stis. women have to avoid douching (a form of vaginal hygiene). it reduces the “true” micro organism within the vagina and increases the risk of infection.
if you have chlamydia, you have to inform every body you have sexual contact with.
when you have chlamydia, it can be handled with antibiotic medication. your doctor will prescribe a pill to be taken through mouth. your companion additionally may want to be tested and handled. tell your physician if you are allergic to any form of antibiotic. end taking your entire antibiotic. do not engage in sexual touch again for 7 days after you end all your medication. tell your doctor if you experience a fever or stomach pain while taking the drugs. also, inform your doctor in case you are or is probably pregnant.
living with chlamydia
if left untreated, chlamydia can spread to specific components of your frame. this can reason extra damage. for instance, if it spreads for your eyes, it is able to motive eye infections and blindness. in girls, the contamination can unfold to the uterus and fallopian tubes (a part of a girl’s reproductive device). the contamination can motive scarring on this place. this will reason infertility. it can also motive an ectopic being pregnant. if the contamination is surpassed on to a newborn child via a vaginal delivery, it is able to cause pneumonia, an eye contamination, or even blindness inside the infant. in guys, chlamydia can unfold to the testicles and prostate. this can cause swelling, painful urination, fever, and lower again ache.