what is cytomegalovirus, cytomegalovirus (cmv) is a common virus. most people are uncovered to the virus as infant. it's miles that believed most adults are diagnosed with the virus with the aid of age 40. many human beings are infected with cmv and don’t are aware of it. that’s because the virus hardly ever reasons signs. it normally does no longer motive lengthy-term troubles. however, cmv can cause issues in people who have a weakened immune system. additionally, it may purpose troubles in a new child if the mom gets the infection all through pregnancy.
symptoms of cytomegalovirus
usually, cmv does not motive symptoms. once in a while, it reasons slight signs and symptoms. a few humans may have signs which can be similar to the mononucleosis virus. symptoms of cmv can encompass:
swollen lymph nodes
lack of urge for food.
newborns inflamed with cmv whilst inside the womb may be very ill while they're born. signs at beginning can encompass:
jaundice (yellowing of the skin)
low delivery weight
human beings taking immunosuppressant medicines for conditions like human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) or from having an organ transplant may have excessive symptoms. immunosuppressant medicines decrease or suppress the immune machine. signs of extreme cmv include:
pneumonitis (inflammation of the respiration tract)
bleeding ulcers within the esophagus (windpipe) or intestines (stomach area)
inflammation of the brain
cmv is probably to purpose vision issues in people who have weakened immune systems. so when you have positive situations, which include hiv or aids, your doctor might also advise which you go to an eye fixed health practitioner to test for contamination. permit your medical doctor know if you are having painless, blurry vision (floaters) in one eye, light flashes, or areas of blindness. also inform your physician if you are experiencing frequent shortness of breath with flu-like signs, or in case you are having issues listening to.
what causes cytomegalovirus?
the virus is similar to the viruses that purpose chickenpox and mononucleosis. it receives into body fluids, such as saliva, blood, urine, semen, and breast milk. a person can pass the virus onto others while it is lively in his or her gadget. it spreads from one character to every other through sexual contact, or contact with blood and different frame fluids. cmv is rarely unfold by using blood transfusion or organ transplantation.
if a pregnant girl passes cmv onto her unborn infant, it may motive a miscarriage, stillbirth, or loss of life of the new child. newborns who live on are at an expanded hazard for hearing loss and intellectual incapacity. but, handiest a small percentage of newborns inflamed with cmv at some stage in being pregnant enjoy problems from the virus. maximum are born healthy or with best slight cmv signs and symptoms.
how is cytomegalovirus identified?
cmv is identified with a blood take a look at. in case you are pregnant, your health practitioner may need to check you for cmv. in case you do convey the virus, your physician might also advocate a take a look at known as amniocentesis. for the duration of this test, a needle is inserted into the mother’s uterus to acquire a sample of fluid surrounding the infant. the fluid can be sent to a lab for checking out.
can cytomegalovirus be prevented or avoided?
careful, frequent hand washing with soap and water may additionally assist save you the unfold of cmv. daycare facilities are excessive-threat regions for kids 1 to 3 years of age. people being concerned for someone identified with hiv, aids, or with weakened immune systems from organ transplant have to put on gloves whilst handling bodily fluids. keep away from kissing and sexual contact with a recognized inflamed person. always practice secure sex through the usage of condoms.
for otherwise wholesome humans, cmv normally doesn’t require treatment. in case your immune system is weakened, your doctor can also use a medication to treat cmv. but, due to the fact cmv is an endemic, normal antibiotics won’t work. antiviral drugs are usually prescribed. this slows the virus. but, it can not treatment cmv.
if you are pregnant and your child has cmv, you medical doctor will probable take a look at your baby for any fitness troubles once he or she is born so they may be handled early. treatable signs in newborns encompass pneumonia, listening to loss, and inflammation of the eye.
dwelling with cytomegalovirus
while the virus in inactive (no signs of signs), there may be no pain. while the virus is energetic, the signs and symptoms can affect your pleasant of lifestyles. see your doctor for suggestions on methods reduce the soreness of the signs.