what's deep vein thrombosis (dvt), deep vein thrombosis (dvt) is a blood clot. those clots commonly arise deep down to your leg veins. dvt is common and can be dangerous. if the blood clot breaks off and travels thru your bloodstream, it could block a blood vessel for your lungs. this blockage (called a pulmonary embolism) may be deadly.
symptoms of dvt
some humans who've dvt do not have any symptoms. most have some swelling in one or both legs. regularly, there may be pain or tenderness in a single leg (may additionally happen handiest when you stand or walk). your skin may additionally experience heat or appearance pink or discolored. if you have any of these signs and symptoms, name your medical doctor proper away.
what reasons dvt?
frequently, there are more than one factors that motive dvt. your chance for dvt will increase if you have several chance elements at the same time. you're at better chance for dvt in case you:
are 60 years of age or older
are inactive for a long time period, which include when you are flying in an aircraft, taking an extended automobile ride, or convalescing in mattress after surgery
have a condition that causes increased blood clotting
have an injury or surgical treatment that reduces blood waft to a body component
have a centralvenous catheter
are pregnant or have these days given start
are overweight or obese
have varicose veins or vasculitis
are a smoker
take birth control pills or receivehormone remedy, inclusive of for postmenopausal symptoms.
how is dvt diagnosed?
go to your physician in case you assume you might have dvt. they may review your signs and symptoms and fitness history, and do a bodily exam. they may order tests to help diagnose it. an ultrasound is the most common take a look at. it uses sound waves to test the blood glide for your veins. a venography additionally can be accomplished to locate blood clots. a health practitioner injects dye into your veins, and then takes an x-ray to check your blood float.
can dvt be prevented or prevented?
there are numerous things you can do to help save you dvt. those are greater essential if you are at increased chance.
get frequent workout. in case you are inactive for a protracted time period, flow your legs around. rise up each hour or so and walk round, if you could. if you should live seated, do decrease leg sporting events. with your feet flat on the ground, trade lifting your heels and feet. this stretches your calves and keeps up your blood float.
stretch your legs and lightly massage your muscle groups.
get away from bed and circulate round as soon as you can after being sick or having surgical treatment.
control your blood stress.
do no longer smoke and lose weight if you are obese.
the primary desires of dvt treatment are to:
forestall the clot from getting bigger
prevent the clot from breaking off and journeying for your lungs
prevent future blood clots.
several drugs are used to treat and save you dvt. commonplace ones consist of warfarin or heparin. those skinny your blood so that clots gained’t shape. warfarin is taken as a pill and heparin is given intravenously (in your veins). warfarin can purpose delivery defects. women who are pregnant have to now not take warfarin. if you can’t take heparin, your medical doctor can also prescribe every other kind called a thrombin inhibitor. more recent remedy applications suggest noacs (novel oral anticoagulants) as premier drug treatments in maximum settings. logo names consist of eliquis, pradaxa, and xarelto.
anticoagulants can purpose you to bleed greater without problems. as an instance, you might observe that your blood takes longer to clot when you narrow your self. you may bruise greater without difficulty as nicely. if you have any unusual or heavy bleeding, name your medical doctor right away.
a few different drug treatments can affect how nicely an anticoagulant works. communicate to your doctor before you're taking any new medicinal drug. this includes over the counter medicines and nutrients. certain foods rich in nutrition okay, such as darkish inexperienced veggies, also can have an impact.
there are different remedy options if you can’t take remedy to skinny your blood, or if a blood thinner doesn’t paintings. your doctor might also endorse placing a clear out in your vena cava. that is the primary vein that carries blood from your decrease body for your coronary heart. this filter can capture a clot as it moves thru your bloodstream and prevent it from reaching your lungs. this treatment is more not unusual for humans who've had several blood clots tour to their lungs.
living with dvt
it's miles important to begin treatment right away for dvt. it takes approximately three to six months for a blood clot to head away. during this time, there are matters you may do to alleviate symptoms. increase your leg to reduce swelling. speak in your doctor about the usage of compression stockings. these cowl the arch of your foot up in your knee. they invent stress on your leg to reduce swelling and relieve ache.
for a few human beings, the clot might also never fully dissolve. this could purpose scar tissue on your veins. dvt can also cause post-thrombotic syndrome. people who get this have persistent (long-time period) swelling and ache.
if you have dvt and experience the following signs and symptoms, get assist right away. these are signs and symptoms that the clot can also have traveled on your lungs. you may be having a pulmonary embolism.
shortness of breath.
rapid coronary heart price.