what is hammer toe, when someone has hammer toe, the end in their toe bends downward and the middle joint curls up. through the years, the toe gets stuck in a stiff, claw-like role.
hammer toe normally affects a person’s 2d toe (the toe next to the huge toe). but it could have an effect on other toes, too.
signs and symptoms of hammer toe
the principle symptom of hammer toe is a toe this is bent upward on the center joint. at the start you can still be capable of straighten out your toe. but over the years, it becomes painful and more difficult to do.
while the inner of your shoe rubs towards a hammer toe, corns, blisters or calluses might also form. they will form on top of the toe or on the bottom of your foot. this can make walking painful, mainly with footwear on. you could also have pain within the joint in which your large toe joins your foot.
what causes hammer toe?
the maximum commonplace reason of hammer toe is sporting quick, narrow shoes which can be too tight. this reasons the toe to bend upward. muscle tissues and tendons within the toe tighten and emerge as shorter. this makes the toe stay inside the bent position.
people who are born with lengthy bones of their ft are more likely to develop hammer toe. youngsters who put on shoes they have outgrown may additionally develop this circumstance. folks that wear very narrow shoes or excessive-heeled footwear are also more likely to expand a hammer toe.
once in a while, strain from a bunion can purpose hammer toe. rheumatoid arthritis can also boom your threat.
how is hammer toe diagnosed?
your doctor will be capable of diagnose hammer toe by way of doing a bodily exam of your foot.
can hammer toe be averted or averted?
avoid sporting shoes which might be slim or don’t match well. also, don’t put on heels higher than 2 inches. as an alternative, pick footwear with a huge toe container that provide you with ½ inch among the stop of your longest toe and the internal tip of the shoe.
to save you hammer toe in youngsters, check often to ensure your baby’s footwear healthy, in particular while she or he is having a increase spurt.
hammer toe treatment
if the affected toe is still flexible, you'll be capable of treat it with the aid of taping or splinting the toe to hold it immediately. your circle of relatives medical doctor can display you the way to try this.
you may need to do sure sports to preserve your toe joints bendy. as an example, you may need to transport and stretch your toe gently along with your arms. you can also exercise by means of picking matters up together with your toes. small or gentle objects, inclusive of marbles or towels, work high-quality.
if your hammer toe turns into painful, you may practice an ice p.c. several instances an afternoon. this may assist relieve the pain and swelling. nonsteroidal anti inflammatory medicines (additionally known as nsaids), consisting of ibuprofen (two logo names: advil, motrin) or naproxen (one logo name: aleve), can be helpful. if your pain and swelling are intense, your physician might also need to provide you a steroid injection within the toe joint.
will i want surgical procedure for hammer toe?
when you have a extreme case of hammer toe or if the affected toe is no longer bendy, you can want surgical procedure to straighten your toe joint. surgical procedure typically requires handiest a nearby anesthetic (numbing medication for the affected place). additionally it is an outpatient procedure. this indicates you don’t need to stay inside the hospital for the surgical operation.
living with hammer toe
in case your hammer toe is not intense, there are things you may do assist your symptoms.
wear the right length shoe. try to avoid footwear which are too tight or too narrow.
avoid high heels as plenty as you may.
wear footwear with tender insoles or purchase gentle insoles you can insert into your footwear. this could assist relieve pressure on the toe.
shield the joint this is sticking up with the aid of using corn pads or felt pads.