what is hiv, the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) attacks the body’s immune gadget. a healthy immune machine is what keeps you from getting sick.
while hiv damages your immune device, you are more likely to get sick from bacteria and viruses. it is also tougher on your frame to fight off those infections when you do get them, so that you may have hassle getting higher.
hiv is the circumstance that leads to received immunodeficiency syndrome (aids). aids is taken into consideration to be the final degree of hiv, additionally known as level 3 hiv. with treatment, maximum people who have hiv are not going to expand aids.
signs of hiv
when first inflamed with hiv, you could now not enjoy any signs. greater frequently, though, you’ll have flu-like signs and symptoms, including:
swollen lymph nodes (lymph glands)
as the ailment progresses, signs can also appear and/or get worse. this will take time. a few humans who have hiv do not start experiencing symptoms for up to ten years. while signs and symptoms do appear, they are able to encompass:
swollen lymph nodes (lymph glands)
shortness of breath
unintended weight reduction
what reasons hiv?
hiv can only be surpassed from individual to man or woman through body fluids, such as blood, semen, and vaginal fluid.
kids born to inflamed moms can also emerge as inflamed during being pregnant, childbirth, and breastfeeding. but, this occurs much less regularly now. it could be prevented by means of giving drugs to the pregnant mom and to her new child infant.
the most common methods hiv is passed are:
via having unprotected anal, vaginal, or oral intercourse with an infected character.
through sharing needles and syringes for injecting tablets with an inflamed individual.
you're more at risk for hiv in case you:
have a couple of intercourse companions
have sex with a prostitute
proportion needles the use of unlawful injected pills
exchange sex for drugs or cash
have a sexually transmitted sickness
presently have or did have a sexual accomplice with any of the above risk factors
are a person who has sex with other men
how is hiv diagnosed?
if you assume you'll be infected with hiv, touch your physician at once. despite the fact that there may be no therapy for the disease, early analysis and remedy with medicines can be started out to slow the progression of the disorder. your health practitioner may be able to provide you with more recommendation approximately how to take care of your self if assessments show that you have hiv.
due to the fact the majority who are infected with hiv appear healthy, a blood take a look at for the virus is necessary to see who has the contamination. people who've a nice blood take a look at for hiv are referred to as hiv-nice. ask your physician how to attain confidential testing for hiv. your physician let you recognize what the test results suggest.
the yankee academy of circle of relatives physicians (aafp) encourages all sexually energetic humans between 18 years and sixty five years of age to get tested. children more youthful than 18 and adults older than 65 ought to be examined if they may be at an elevated chance of getting the virus. the aafp also recommends that pregnant girls be examined for hiv. maximum hiv antibody exams finished through your doctor are correct if they may be done 2 to 3 months or longer after you suspect you can have been inflamed. it takes this lengthy for the antibodies to show up inside the blood.
does it help me to discover i've hiv at an early stage?
yes. right now, there's no cure for hiv. your body can make antibodies and cd4 cells to sluggish down the development of hiv, but they could’t absolutely remove the virus. in truth, the very act of attacking the hiv infection may additionally wear out your immune system in a short time.
however, treatment with hiv drugs (typically a combination of drug treatments called anti-retroviral capsules) can maintain down the virus and hold your body’s immune gadget robust for a longer time. that’s why the u.s. facilities for disorder control and prevention (cdc) recommends early treatment of people who've hiv.
are there hiv tests i'm able to do at domestic?
yes. the house get admission to express hiv-1 take a look at device is a collection package this is used to accumulate a blood pattern that is then mailed overnight to a laboratory for trying out. you get outcomes the next day. this check gives the gain of privacy and anonymity. some other alternative is the oraquick in-home hiv check. this check includes swabbing the interior of your mouth. you do now not ought to collect your blood. your outcomes are prepared within 20 mins.
have to i use the house test or see my medical doctor?
your medical doctor is concerned approximately you, your fitness, and your privateness. in case you want to be tested for hiv, you ought to see your medical doctor. he or she will be able to assist you make a decision whether or not you ought to be tested and will give you the help you need earlier than and after the check. you don’t get this sort of aid with domestic checks.
but, if you are afraid to speak along with your doctor approximately hiv or to be examined, then the home series take a look at may be a great idea. if the test end result is advantageous, you should see your medical doctor right away.
don't forget, one negative test isn't a guarantee that you don’t have hiv or won’t get it within the destiny. you need to communicate with your health practitioner and find out about ways to guard yourself from getting inflamed.
can hiv be prevented or averted?
the best way to save you hiv is to now not have intercourse (vaginal, anal, or oral) with someone who has hiv, or percentage a needle with someone who has hiv.
different approaches to save you hiv consist of:
if you have sex, practice “more secure” sex via using a condom. the first-rate condom is a male latex condom. a woman condom isn't as effective but does provide some protection.
do not percentage needles and syringes.
by no means let someone else’s blood, semen, urine, vaginal fluid, or feces get into your anus, vagina, or mouth.
despite the fact that there is no treatment for hiv, there are numerous drug treatments to be had to assist combat it. those drug treatments (referred to as antiretroviral remedy or art) will frequently save you hiv from progressing to aids. even if hiv does progress to aids, antiretroviral therapy is regularly nonetheless powerful. but, it is most effective the sooner you begin remedy.
higher artwork has changed hiv sickness from the main killer of teenagers to a chronic ailment that can be managed for many years. however, despite the fact that you can take hiv drugs and experience k, you could still supply the virus to others through dangerous intercourse or blood exchanges. the drugs don’t kill the virus — they simply keep your immune system robust sufficient to save you aids or gradual it down.
with treatment, the survival fee for hiv is very good. inside the united states, human beings with hiv who're recognized early may have a lifestyles span that is approximately similar to someone like them who does now not hiv, consistent with hiv.gov.
dwelling with hiv
in case you are hiv fine, you need to take excellent care of yourself. make sure to eat a balanced food plan, workout often, and get lots of relaxation. make sure you follow your health practitioner’s commands and take all of your medicines precisely as directed. you may additionally take steps to hold yourself from getting infections or diseases which are extra common in humans who've hiv.
it's also important to see your medical doctor frequently in order that he or she will reveal your treatment. your medical doctor will possibly need to see you every 6 months so long as your cd4 cell count is right. it it drops beneath 500, your health practitioner may additionally need to look you every three months. your doctor also might also need to peer you more regularly if you are attempting a brand new medication to look the way you’re responding to it. it's far critical to make certain your hiv contamination isn't always getting worse.
some of the things that might inform your medical doctor that your hiv infection has gotten worse in view that your ultimate visit are:
new signs of nausea, vomiting, fatigue, fever, headache, chills, night time sweats, cough, shortness of breath or diarrhea.
signs and symptoms of weight reduction, mouth sores (consisting of thrush, which is a yeast infection), or larger lymph nodes (glands located to your neck, armpits and hip vicinity).
a drop in the cd4 cell matter to your blood.
a upward push in the viral load on your blood.
you must additionally proactively attempt to save you other infections and headaches. hiv could make you excessive chance for other diseases and situations because it weakens your immune machine. here are some matters you can do to help guard your self.
a flu shot each fall facilitates save you the flu.
a periodic pneumonia shot can prevent pneumonia resulting from the micro organism called streptococcus pneumoniae. it’s simpler for humans who have hiv to get this sort of pneumonia. your medical doctor will evaluation your immunization history to decide while you want to get these shots.
a tuberculosis (tb) pores and skin check every 12 months can inform when you have tb. tb is a totally critical illness, specially in people who have hiv.
a pap check for women checks for dysplasia (a pre-cancer condition) and for cancer of the cervix. both of those situations arise more regularly in ladies who've hiv infection. before everything, pap exams are completed every 6 months. after 2 pap exams in a row are everyday, you might best need to get them as soon as a yr.
a hepatitis b check is vital for people who are at chance for hepatitis b infection. you’re at risk for this contamination if you inject capsules. if the check shows you don’t have hepatitis b contamination, your doctor would possibly want you to have the hepatitis b vaccine to protect you from getting the contamination.