what is hypercoagulation, hypercoagulation is the name for excessive blood clotting. while you get a cut, your body bureaucracy a thickened mass of blood tissue. called a blood clot, this mass stops the bleeding. proteins in your blood assist form the clot. this system is called coagulation. coagulation allows while you are injured because it slows blood loss.
once in a while your blood paperwork a clot when it shouldn’t. the clot paperwork while the blood is transferring through your body. this tendency of the blood to clot too much is referred to as hypercoagulation. it is able to be very risky. blood clots can form in essential organs or tour to them, which includes the coronary heart and brain. this may motive serious health troubles, even demise.
symptoms of hypercoagulation
the symptoms you may experience rely on where the blood clot bureaucracy or travels to.
within the heart or lungs, a blood clot may want to cause a coronary heart assault or a pulmonary embolism (blood clot inside the lungs). signs should include:
shortness of breath
pain in the higher body, together with chest, returned, neck, or hands.
inside the mind, a blood clot could motive a stroke. signs should include:
paralysis on one or both facets of the frame.
in the decrease body, a clot ought to purpose deep vein thrombosis or peripheral artery sickness. the signs of those encompass ache, redness, warm temperature, and swelling in the decrease leg.
what causes hypercoagulation?
a few people are born with a bent to increase clots. this tendency is inherited (this means that it runs on your own family). they may now not have enough of the proteins that maintain the blood from clotting too much. or these proteins might not be doing their job well.
certain situations or danger elements can make it more likely for your blood to clot an excessive amount of. these conditions include:
sitting on an aircraft or in a automobile for a long term.
prolonged bed rest (several days or weeks at a time), such as after surgical procedure or during a long clinic stay.
surgical procedure (that could slow blood waft).
most cancers (a few kinds of most cancers increase the proteins that clot your blood).
being pregnant (which will increase the stress to your pelvis and legs and might cause blood clots to shape).
using start manage pills or receiving hormone replacement therapy (that may slow blood float).
further to these conditions, you'll be vulnerable to hypercoagulation if:
you've got relatives with unusual or immoderate clotting.
you had an abnormal clot at a younger age.
you obtain clots when you were pregnant, were the usage of beginning manage drugs, or have been being treated with hormone alternative therapy.
you have had a couple of unexplained miscarriages.
how is hypercoagulation recognized?
if your health practitioner suspects you have got hypercoagulation, he or she will do a bodily examination. they may ask about your family history to see if all of us else had problems with clotting. they are able to order blood exams to check the protein and platelet ranges on your blood. the assessments may even display in case your proteins are operating the manner they have to to properly clot your blood.
can hypercoagulation be avoided or avoided?
there's nothing you can do to save you hypercaogulation if it's miles inherited. to lessen your danger of growing blood clots, you may:
hold a healthy weight.
avoid medicines that incorporate the lady hormone estrogen (together with delivery control pills).
live active in the course of lengthy automobile or plane trips to maintain blood flowing.
deal with situations that would cause immoderate clotting, inclusive of diabetes.
hypercoagulation is typically handled with medicine. some human beings most effective need to take the medicine once they’re in a state of affairs that makes them much more likely to shape clots. this can be when they're within the sanatorium recuperating from surgical operation. it may be while they're in a car or aircraft for a long term, or while they're pregnant. different human beings want to take remedy on an ongoing foundation for the relaxation of their lives. your doctor will decide what remedy is proper for you.
what drug treatments are used to treat hypercoagulation?
most patients with hypercoagulation are treated with drug treatments known as anticoagulants. these are also known as blood thinners. they make it more difficult for clots to shape. they can also hold present clots from developing bigger. examples encompass heparin, warfarin, dabigatran, apixaban, and rivoraxaban.
do these drug treatments have facet effects?
a few anticoagulants do have side consequences. some can reason you to bleed greater without difficulty. if you cut yourself, you might note that the blood takes longer to clot than usual. you may additionally bruise more easily. name your doctor if you have any unusual or heavy bleeding.
in case your medical doctor prescribes an anticoagulant, you must:
comply with his or her commands cautiously.
get regular blood assessments done if you take heparin or warfarin. this can show how nicely the medicine is operating.
don’t take aspirin even as you’re taking an anticoagulant unless your doctor tells you to. aspirin can also thin your blood.
inform some other medical doctors you may see that you are taking an anticoagulant.
inform your doctor proper away if you are pregnant or in case you end up pregnant. some anticoagulants can cause start defects.
test with your health practitioner earlier than taking any other drug treatments or dietary supplements. this includes prescription medicine, over the counter medicine, vitamins, or herbal supplements. some of these medicines may additionally fortify or weaken your anticoagulant.
speak your weight-reduction plan with your doctor if you take warfarin. meals with a variety of diet k can reduce its effectiveness. these foods encompass leafy green vegetables, fish, lentils, soybeans, and a few vegetable oils.
inform your own family that you take anticoagulant medicinal drug. carry an emergency medical identification card with you at all times.
dwelling with hypercoagulation
hypercoagulation may be very risky. a clot interior a blood vessel can journey within the bloodstream. it could get caught in vital organs of your frame. a clot that receives stuck in your lungs (pulmonary embolism) blocks blood from getting on your lungs. a clot that blocks a blood vessel in the mind can purpose a stroke. a clot in a blood vessel inside the heart can purpose a heart assault. blood clots can purpose some girls to have miscarriages. all of those situations can be lifestyles-threatening. so it is very important that hypercoagulation or extraordinary clots be handled proper away.