what's lichen planus, lichen planus is a sort of rash that forms on your pores and skin, on genitalia, or for your mouth. it's miles marked by pink bumps which might be flat and uneven in size. the bumps may additionally have white scales or flakes on them. often, the rash is itchy.
lichen planus commonly occurs for your wrists, ankles, and chest. you also can get it on your scalp, nails, genitals, or the inner of your mouth. at the scalp, lichen planus may cause hair loss. lichen planus of the nails can motive brittle or break up nails. inside the mouth, the rash looks like lacy white patches at the cheeks or tongue. lichen planus of the mouth, genitals, or anus can cause pain and a burning sensation. every so often lichen planus influences regions of skin in which you had a cut or burn.
women and men can get lichen planus. it can affect human beings of any age, but is greater commonplace in center-aged adults.
signs and symptoms of lichen planus
the top symptom of lichen planus is itching. it could be mild or intense. the rash might also consist of a few bumps or big patches. these can remaining for weeks or months, and can go back after they’ve gone away. every now and then, the bumps leave dark brown spots on the pores and skin. this is greater not unusual in human beings of asian, hispanic, and african descent. the brown spots aren't scars and fade through the years.
lichen planus inside the mouth can purpose painful sores that make it difficult to devour.
what reasons lichen planus?
in maximum cases, the reason of lichen planus is unknown. docs assume it may be resulting from an allergic reaction or immune disease. the rash breaks out when your frame’s immune machine assaults the pores and skin or mucous cells. a few cases may be connected to the hepatitis c virus.
lichen planus isn't always contagious. you cannot capture it from or deliver it to a person else. it isn't always caused by strain, but occasionally stress makes it worse.
how is lichen planus identified?
contact your physician if you have the signs listed above. they could inform if you have lichen planus by using searching at your rash. the doctor may also do a blood take a look at or pores and skin biopsy. those assist rule out different troubles. for biopsy, the health practitioner takes pores and skin cells from one or greater of the bumps. the cells get despatched to a lab to verify the diagnosis.
can lichen planus be prevented or avoided?
you can't prevent lichen planus for the reason that the precise motive is unknown.
lichen planus treatment
there may be no treatment for lichen planus. most of the time, the bumps due to lichen planus leave with none remedy after approximately a 12 months. however, treatment can help improve the rash and decrease signs.
forms of remedy include:
antihistamines, which includes benadryl, to relieve itching.
corticosteroids to relieve itching and swelling. those are available pill, shot, gel, and cream bureaucracy.
mouthwashes with lidocaine to relieve ache from mouth sores.
lichen planus of the scalp ought to be dealt with proper away or the hair might not grow lower back.
residing with lichen planus
remedy can help signs of lichen planus, however does now not cure it. as soon as the rash is going away, there is a risk it may come lower back. if your physician prescribes medicine, comply with the instructions. try to keep away from itching the bumps too much. there is a risk you could break the pores and skin and motive an infection.