what is lichen sclerosus, lichen sclerosus is a type of pores and skin situation. it frequently influences your genital or anal regions, but you may get it on other parts of your body. it could purpose a rash, itching, pain, and scarring. lichen sclerosus is most common in women after menopause. however, guys and children can get it too.
women may additionally have a subset of the situation known as lichen simplex chronicus. this affects a female’s vulva (the outdoor a part of the vagina). it occurs when the skin in and around the vulva receives thicker from regular itching and scratching.
symptoms of lichen sclerosus
a few people who've lichen sclerosus do not have any signs and symptoms. others can also have the following signs or signs and symptoms.
smooth, brilliant, white spots on the skin.
skin this is skinny, wrinkled, and vulnerable, or smooth to rip.
skin this is pink, bruised, scaly, or cracked.
bleeding or blistering in the affected place.
itching, ache, or pain inside the affected place.
ache for the duration of intercourse.
painful bowel actions and constipation, if it occurs within the anal location.
the symptoms of lichen simplex chronicus might also consist of:
itching around the vulva.
red or dark pores and skin across the vulva.
small cuts on or around the vulva.
what reasons lichen sclerosus?
medical doctors do not recognise the exact cause of lichen sclerosus. feasible causes are:
an overactiveimmune device
injury to the affected vicinity.
a own family history of the situation can also increase your hazard of getting it. lichen sclerosus isn't always contagious. you can not seize it from or pass it to someone else.
how is lichen sclerosus diagnosed?
contact your health practitioner when you have signs of lichen sclerosus. they will perform a physical exam. they will want to understand your health records and the way lengthy you have got had the signs and symptoms. your medical doctor may additionally do a pores and skin biopsy. this involves taking a small sample of skin from the affected area to take a look at in the lab.
can lichen sclerosus be prevented or averted?
there may be no manner to keep away from lichen sclerosus, since the purpose is unknown.
lichen sclerosus remedy
no longer all instances of lichen sclerosus can be cured. however, there are remedy options to control or relieve symptoms. your doctor will in all likelihood prescribe a robust cortisone cream. you follow this to the affected vicinity in line with the commands. this can help relieve ache and itching, however can not repair scars. ask your physician approximately the usage of a scar cream to lessen or prevent scarring.
repeated use of cortisone cream often is powerful. preserve to follow up together with your doctor during this treatment. cortisone cream may have side consequences over the years. these include thinning or redness of the pores and skin, stretch marks, and genital yeast infections.
drugs are to be had if you have an contamination or are allergic to cortisone. alternatives encompass:
retinoids, along with isotretinoin or retinol. those are similar to vitamin a dietary supplements.
ultraviolet mild treatments for pores and skin no longer near the genital region.
over the counter antihistamine skin creams can also assist with the ache and itching. a sitz bath also can assist with pain, itching, and scratching. this is in which you sit in a few inches of heat water.
there are other things you can do to assist relieve discomfort.
put on unfastened-fitting underclothes all through the day and none at night time.
do now not wear pantyhose, tights, and different tight apparel.
do no longer live in swimsuits or moist garb for lengthy periods.
keep away from vaginal sprays, that may cause inflammation.
use a slight pores and skin cleaner. search for merchandise designed for touchy skin.
avoid scented detergent, cloth softeners, and dryer sheets.
dwelling with lichen sclerosus
lichen sclerosus and lichen simplex chronicus frequently can be controlled with remedy. if left untreated, the situations will have critical outcomes. excessive instances might also motive severe ache at some point of intercourse. you'll be emotional approximately having a circumstance on your genital area. without treatment, the scratching associated with lichen simplex chronicus can cause a bacterial skin infection. it also can purpose everlasting scars.
lichen sclerosus may be a chance factor for skin most cancers and vulvar cancer. this is why it’s crucial to peer your physician if you have signs and symptoms or signs and symptoms.