what's mitral valve prolapse, mitral valve prolapse is a trouble on your heart. your coronary heart has 4 chambers. the mitral valve controls the drift of blood among 2 of the chambers. those are the left atrium and the left ventricle. commonly, while the heart relaxes in between beats, the 2 flaps of the mitral valve swing open to allow blood waft from the atrium to the ventricle. the flaps usually open best one way and the blood best flows one manner.
if you have mitral valve prolapse, the flaps of the mitral valve are “floppy” and don’t close well. sometimes this can permit blood to leak from the ventricle lower back into the atrium. when this occurs, you can enjoy symptoms.
approximately 1 in 20 individuals has mitral valve prolapse. more girls have it than men.
signs and symptoms of mitral valve prolapse
most of the people don’t realize that they have mitral valve prolapse. it regularly reasons no symptoms. if the blood leaks again into the atrium, you could have symptoms which could include:
feeling like your coronary heart is racing or is skipping beats
chest ache that comes now after which
shortness of breath
anxiety or panic.
what reasons mitral valve prolapse?
docs don’t realize the exact cause of mitral valve prolapse. people are usually born with it. it tends to run in families. you may have a higher danger of mitral valve prolapse if you have sure conditions, consisting of:
connective tissue disorders (marfan or ehlers-danlos syndrome)
skeletal issues, consisting of scoliosis
history of rheumatic fever.
ageing additionally increases your danger.
how is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed?
typically, your medical doctor will find mitral valve prolapse at some point of a everyday exam. when being attentive to your heart with a stethoscope, your medical doctor may listen the flap of your mitral valve make a clicking sound. if blood is flowing returned into the atrium, your health practitioner will listen a “whooshing” sound. this sound is referred to as a murmur.
to discover how properly your valve is working, your physician might also order an echocardiogram. the echocardiogram presents a photograph of your heart that shows your valve because the blood flows through it. this could help your medical doctor determine if you want remedy. other tests which could assist diagnose mitral valve prolapse include a chest x-ray or an ekg.
can mitral valve prolapse be avoided or prevented?
there's not anything you could do to prevent or keep away from mitral valve prolapse. most of the people are born with it.
one problem from mitral valve prolapse is referred to as infective endocarditis (ie). that is an contamination in your coronary heart. if you have mitral valve prolapse, antibiotics can prevent you from getting ie. in case you are at high risk of having ie, you could take antibiotics earlier than surgeries or dental paintings to keep away from getting the contamination. speak on your health practitioner about the risks vs. benefits of taking antibiotics to prevent ie.
mitral valve prolapse treatment
most people who have mitral valve prolapse don’t want any treatment. handiest about 2 of every a hundred humans who've this situation have headaches. your physician will inform you if you need treatment.
a few humans who have mitral valve prolapse must restrict participation in competitive sports. if your mitral valve prolapse causes chest ache or different signs and symptoms, your health practitioner might prescribe drugs including beta blockers to make your symptoms higher. in case your signs and symptoms are more huge, your doctor ought to prescribe different drugs, which includes:
blood thinners to reduce the danger of blood clots.
diuretics to dispose of extra fluid.
coronary heart rhythm medicines to regulate your coronary heart rhythm.
vasodilators to widen your blood vessels and decrease your heart’s workload.
a few humans might also need surgical treatment to restoration the trouble. this may occur if your valve is very atypical, or if a lot of blood is flowing within the wrong course. your doctor will perform to repair or update the mitral valve.
dwelling with mitral valve prolapse
most of the people with mitral valve prolapse can lead normal, energetic lives. they don’t have symptoms and don’t want remedy. if you do have signs, they are able to usually be managed with medicine.
when you have mitral valve prolapse, you do want ongoing care. you must have comply with-up visits with your physician and reveal your signs. usually take your prescribed medicine. call your health practitioner in case your signs and symptoms increase or worsen. it’s also a good concept to make coronary heart-wholesome way of life changes. these encompass:
ingesting a healthy weight loss plan
getting enough sleep