what is a pilonidal cyst, a pilonidal cyst is a small sac inside the pores and skin this is generally placed close to the tailbone at the top of the buttocks crease. pilonidal (say: “pie-low-nye-stupid”) manner “nest of hairs.” a pilonidal cyst can include hair, skin fragments and other abnormal tissue.
all people may have a pilonidal cyst, but it is greater not unusual in younger guys.
signs and symptoms
what are the signs and symptoms of a pilonidal cyst?
a pilonidal cyst won't have any symptoms except a small pit or dimple on the pores and skin. but, every so often pilonidal cysts grow to be inflamed. while this occurs, the cyst can emerge as a painful abscess—a swollen, infected sac full of pus (a thick, whitish-yellow fluid). hardly ever, an inflamed pilonidal cyst can purpose a fever.
what causes pilonidal cysts?
doctors disagree on the causes for pilonidal cysts. a few docs think that ingrown hairs can be the reason. ingrown hairs are free hairs that re-input the pores and skin although pressure from skin rubbing skin, tight garb or lengthy intervals of sitting. different docs suppose that pilonidal cysts shape around a ruptured hair follicle (the structure from which a hair grows).
some babies are born with a small dimple simply above the crease of the buttocks, known as a sacral dimple. sacral dimples can turn out to be infected and form a pilonidal abscess.
how can my doctor inform if i've a pilonidal cyst?
your medical doctor will be able to diagnose your pilonidal cyst by way of examining it. your health practitioner will probable additionally ask you approximately your symptoms.
how can i help prevent an infection of my pilonidal cyst inside the future?
shave around the cyst region to assist save you hairs from entering into the cyst.
smooth the cyst place with a moderate cleaning soap and rinse well to put off any cleaning soap residue.
keep away from sitting for long intervals of time.
how is a pilonidal cyst handled?
when you have an inflamed pilonidal cyst, your doctor will numb the place where the cyst is located. he or she can drain any pus and dispose of hairs or another fragments within the cyst. your health practitioner will then loosely % the abscess with gauze to help it heal from the internal. you may need to have the gauze changed numerous instances till the cyst heals. the majority who have pilonidal cysts do no longer want some other treatment.
when you have a pilonidal cyst that gets infected often, you may want surgical operation. your medical doctor will make an incision to dispose of any pus, hair and skin fragments from the abscess. the doctor may also pick to go away your wound open and p.c. it with gauze, or she or he can also select to stitch the wound closed. if your medical doctor tells you want surgical treatment for your pilonidal cyst, talk to him or her about the advantages and disadvantages of leaving the wound open or closed.