what is polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) is a situation that happens while cysts form on a woman’s ovaries. an imbalance of hormone degrees in a girl’s frame reasons the cysts to shape. the cysts are like tiny, fluid-stuffed balloons.
women can expand pcos throughout their teenage or childbearing years. pcos can reason modifications in a lady’s:
coronary heart and blood vessels
normally, girls who've pcos have irregular, infrequent, or no menstrual intervals. they may also have trouble getting pregnant. a few girls who've pcos do now not experience any symptoms.
other signs and signs of pcos may additionally encompass:
overweight and weight problems
immoderate hair boom on the face, nipple location, chest, decrease abdomen, and thighs
thinning hair or bald spots
darkish patches of pores and skin
tension or despair
girls who've pcos are also more likely to have type 2 diabetes, high blood stress and excessive cholesterol, and triglycerides. collectively with weight problems, these situations are called the “metabolic syndrome.”
causes & risk factors
what causes polycystic ovary syndrome?
medical doctors do now not know precisely what causes pcos. if you have pcos, you've got a hormone imbalance. your ovaries make an excessive amount of of one kind of hormone (known as androgens). you could also have an excessive amount of insulin, which regulates your blood sugar stages. these hormone problems reason the symptoms of pcos.
pcos seems to be heredity, which means that it runs in families. you are much more likely to have pcos in case your mom or sister has pcos.
how is polycystic ovary syndrome diagnosed?
your physician will ask you approximately your signs and symptoms and could look for the symptoms of pcos. he or she can provide you with a full bodily examination, so one can most probable consist of a pelvic exam. blood checks that degree your hormone degrees can also help. an ultrasound exam can show if you have cysts for your ovaries.
polycystic ovary syndrome treatment
remedy for pcos specializes in coping with the signs and symptoms. you would possibly need to shed pounds. consuming wholesome and getting plenty of exercise can help manage pcos.
medication can assist alter your menstrual cycle and decrease atypical hair growth and pimples. start manipulate pills (for women not seeking to have a baby) and metformin are 2 prescription drug treatments which might be regularly beneficial. when you have diabetes or high blood pressure, the ones situations additionally need remedy. if you want to have a infant, there are medicines that could assist you get pregnant.
can polycystic ovary syndrome be avoided or prevented?
there is no way to save you polycystic ovary syndrome. there is additionally no cure. however, you could manage signs of pcos through life-style modifications and medication. talk on your physician about how to exceptional control your symptoms.
living with polycystic ovary syndrome
if you have pcos, you're much more likely to expand high blood pressure, excessive cholesterol, or kind 2 diabetes. this means you have a greater danger for strokes and heart assaults. it is important to work along with your doctor on a health plan to decrease those risks.
problems with menstrual intervals can also purpose ladies who have pcos to be infertile (not able to get pregnant). pcos additionally causes you to have a better hazard for most cancers of the uterus or breast. you have to see your physician frequently for fitness screenings.
ladies who have pcos also are much more likely to have anxiety or melancholy. if you are feeling anxious or depressed, communicate to your health practitioner. treatment is to be had.