what is seborrheic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis is a common pores and skin situation. it influences the scalp, face or within the ear. the affected regions have white to yellowish flakes. the pores and skin additionally can be red and greasy. whilst adults get it on their scalp, it’s usually called “dandruff.” in babies, it's miles called “cradle cap.” seborrheic dermatitis can appear on other components of the frame. this includes the chest, creases of the fingers, legs and groin. seborrheic dermatitis is commonplace in toddlers younger than 3 months of age and in adults. in adults. it’s more likely to affect person guys than women.
signs and symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis
seborrheic dermatitis signs and symptoms encompass:
white to yellowishflakes of pores and skin
red pores and skin (in a few instances)
greasy or oily skin
what causes seborrheic dermatitis?
medical doctors don’t realize the exact purpose of seborrheic dermatitis. the reason may be specific in toddlers and adults. it is able to run in households. one reason may be hormones. it typically appears in toddlers and disappears before puberty. any other purpose can be a fungus. the fungus is called malassezia. it's far gift on the pores and skin in small numbers. from time to time the numbers increase and result in pores and skin issues.
seborrheic dermatitis has been connected to neurologic problems. this consists of parkinson’s ailment, epilepsy, stressful mind damage and stroke. medical doctors do no longer realize why. other elements consist of:
oil gland activity
changes in your pores and skin’s barrier feature
pressure or fatigue
heavy alcohol use
creams that contain alcohol
how is seborrheic dermatitis diagnosed?
your physician will ask you approximately your signs and symptoms and do a bodily exam of your pores and skin and scalp. if your health practitioner is uncertain approximately whether or not you have the condition, she or he might also have you ever get a skin biopsy. this concerned in cutting or scraping off a small sample of the affected pores and skin. this step is rare.
can seborrheic dermatitis be prevented or prevented?
if the circumstance is genetic, it cannot be averted. most other causes can't be averted. but, you can reduce the severity of signs. controlling risk elements and cautious pores and skin care can assist. this consists of keeping off lotions that comprise alcohol, using special pores and skin products encouraged by way of your medical doctor, protecting yourself from hiv/aids, losing weight and getting masses of rest.
seborrheic dermatitis remedy
remedy depends to your age and area of the signs and symptoms. several over-the-counter and medicated shampoos can relieve the flaking and dryness. you do no longer need a prescription for those products. search for a product that asserts it treats seborrheic dermatitis. vital components consist of salicylic acid, coal tar, zinc, resorcin, ketoconazole and selenium sulfide.
adult and adolescent scalp (dandruff): powerful shampoos that comprise salicylic acid and zinc consist of the logo names: scalpicin, x-seb, exsel, selsun blue, dhs zinc and head & shoulders. those shampoos can be used twice every week. shampoos that include coal tar include dhs tar, neutrogena t/gel and polytar. those may be used 3 instances every week. if you have dandruff, begin by means of the usage of one of these shampoos daily until your dandruff is managed. the use it or three times per week. rub the shampoo into your hair very well and permit it stay on your hair and scalp for as a minimum five mins. then rinse. if the shampoo alone doesn’t help, your doctor might need you to use a prescription steroid lotion a couple of times each day.
grownup and adolescent pores and skin creases:steroid lotions may be utilized in children and adults.
little one scalp (cradle cap): infant merchandise aren't as robust as those used for adults. begin with a moderate, nonmedicated child shampoo. use mineral oil, olive oil or petrolatum jelly to loosen the flakes. brush your baby’s scalp with a smooth brush, like a toothbrush to loosen flakes. but be mild when massaging or brushing your infant’s scalp. a wreck within the pores and skin may want to cause an contamination. if a nonmedicated shampoo doesn’t paintings, speak for your health practitioner approximately switching to a shampoo that incorporates tar. your medical doctor may also recommend a prescription shampoo including nizoral.
toddler skin creases: slight steroid creams or creams can be used to deal with seborrheic dermatitis within the skin creases of babies. communicate to your circle of relatives health practitioner approximately the best steroid electricity.
other treatments that would assist encompass phototherapy. this is a scientific method wherein your pores and skin is cautiously uncovered to ultraviolet light. slight daylight is beneficial.
residing with seborrheic dermatitis
seborrheic dermatitis is considered chronic. also, it's miles a life-long condition. it comes and goes, and it could be controlled with treatment. the bad effects of dwelling with the situation are extra fungal infections and emotional distress. most people who stay with seborrheic dermatitis experience embarrassed and feature low vanity.