what is an ulcer, ulcers are sores at the lining of your belly or small intestine. sore additionally could be in your esophagus (throat). most ulcers are located in the small gut. these ulcers are called duodenal ulcers. stomach ulcers are known as gastric ulcers. ulcers within the throat are referred to as esophageal ulcers.
signs of an ulcer
commonplace ulcer symptoms encompass:
pain between food or at some stage in the night (duodenal ulcer)
pain while you devour or drink (gastric ulcer)
belly ache that wakes you up at night
sense full fast
bloating, burning or dull pain for your stomach
comes and is going days or even weeks at a time
the soreness lasts for minutes or hours
in case your ulcer becomes perforated (torn), it turns into a bleeding ulcer. this can motive the following signs and symptoms:
sudden weight loss
blood for your stool
ache in your back
what causes an ulcer?
most ulcers are cause by heliocobacter pylori (h. pylori). this is a bacterial infection. acids from the foods we consume can make the ache and pain worse. long-term use of aspirin or anti-inflammatory drug treatments (ibuprofen) can cause ulcers. pressure and spicy ingredients can make an ulcer worse.
how is an ulcer diagnosed?
your doctor will ask you about your signs. he or she may additionally do an endoscopy. this process entails inserting a thin, bendy tube connected to a digicam down your throat and into your stomach. your medical doctor will check your blood, breath or stool for h. pylori. he or she can also check a pattern of your stomach lining. your health practitioner also will ask you in case you often take aspirin or anti inflammatory medicines.
can an ulcer be prevented or prevented?
you can not save you an ulcer caused by an h. pylori infection. but, you could lessen your dangers through limiting aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs. keep away from meals which can be acidic (orange juice) and highly spiced to reduce pain. avoid caffeine and alcohol.
your medical doctor will give you an antibiotic medication to treat an h. pylori contamination. you will must take it for two to three weeks. your medical doctor also might advise triple therapy. that is a mixture of an antibiotic and an antacid (pepto-bismol). your medical doctor would possibly advise drugs to reduce stomach acids. you may need to take those for up to 8 weeks. numerous other drug treatments may be used to assist treat ulcers. two sorts of medicines (h2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors) reduce the amount of acid that your stomach makes. over-the-counter antacid medication gives temporary remedy. smoking and alcohol make the discomfort worse. in extreme instances, you can want surgical procedure. ulcers get worse with out treatment. if aspirin and anti-inflammatory medicine irritates your stomach, your physician might also suggest the drugs, misoprostol.
living with an ulcer
when you have an ulcer, avoid the things that make your ulcer ache worse. this means to avoid spicy meals, alcohol and smoking. when you have to take aspirin or ibuprofen for chronic ache, talk in your medical doctor. he or she may also recommend an alternative. maintain your weight loss plan balanced. try eating small, frequent food whilst you’re having pain.