what's zika, zika is an epidemic caused by a bite from the aedes mosquito. if you have the zika virus, you can bypass it onto human beings. this happens thru pregnancy, intercourse (oral, vaginal, and anal), and organ and tissue donation. pregnant girls and women trying to get pregnant are not more likely to get zika. however, they're at a greater chance of passing it onto their unborn toddler. the zika virus is found in sure regions. current outbreaks have passed off in america, africa, southeast asia, the pacific islands, elements of the caribbean, and valuable and south america. the virus is related to an growth of babies born with smaller-than-common heads (microcephaly). this circumstance causes intense brain defects.
signs of zika
mild signs include:
few people enjoy signs and symptoms. in reality, the general public don’t recognize they have the virus. signs and symptoms commonly closing 2 to 7 days. it can ultimate longer.
a baby inflamed with the virus in utero (inside the womb) will have the subsequent symptoms:
a smaller-than-average head
brain defects/intellectual incapacity
virus headaches encompass:
pregnancy loss (miscarriage or stillbirth)
nerve issues in adults and kids. this includes guillain-barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis.
what causes zika?
a bite from the aedes mosquito reasons the zika virus. this species also spreads dengue fever and the chikungunya virus. this form of mosquito bites all through the day and is interested in water. humans infected with the virus can unfold it even if they don't have any signs.
how is zika identified?
your medical doctor will do a physical exam. he or she can ask you if you have traveled to areas wherein the virus is present. there are kinds of exams your doctor can carry out to verify a diagnosis, inclusive of:
a blood check will display if your frame is attempting to fight off the zika contamination.
a urine take a look at will show the presence of the virus. it will likely be fantastic if zika has been in your gadget for less than 2 weeks.
take a look at outcomes generally come again in three to five days.
in case you are pregnant and take a look at high quality for zika, your physician will upload you to the u.s. zika being pregnant registry. this list is private and loose. doctors and researchers take a look at the information and the outcomes of zika. you might require extra tests to test your infant’s fitness. your physician can test your infant for microcephaly all through being pregnant or publish-beginning.
can zika be prevented or averted?
there is no vaccine to save you zika. find out and avoid regions wherein zika exists. zika travel indicators are to be had via the facilities for disease manipulate and prevention (cdc) internet site. you are at greater hazard in case you live in a zika place. you're at accelerated risk in case your sexual partner travels there. if your companion has been uncovered to regions with zika, exercise safe sex and use condoms.
keep away from mosquito bites. put on authorized insect spray and lengthy clothes. live in places with air situation. live in places with screened-in doorways and home windows. avoid strolling near bodies of water. sleep with a mosquito internet. accepted insect repellent is safe for ladies who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
there's no medicinal drug to treat the zika virus. talk in your health practitioner before taking any medication for signs. also, there's no remedy for babies born with microcephaly. a infant with microcephaly will need mastering interventions from start on.
dwelling with zika
when you have zika, it's going to run its path in 2 to 7 days. you could want to treat signs with over the counter ache medicine. when you have zika, use condoms to keep away from spreading the virus (vaginal or anal). remember the fact that oral intercourse can also unfold the virus.
if you are trying to get pregnant and recently visited a vicinity with zika, communicate to your physician. he or she may additionally recommend that you wait a time period. if you are pregnant and might have zika, contact your medical doctor right now. doctors and scientists hope to create a vaccine and remedy for the zika virus.