esophageal manometry is a method for figuring out how the muscles of the esophagus and the sphincter (valve) works by means of measuring pressures (manometry) generated by way of the esophageal muscle tissues and the sphincter.
esophageal manometry is used commonly in three situations:
to evaluate the feature of the sphincter and muscle mass of the esophagus when there's reflux (regurgitation) of belly acid and contents lower back into the esophagus (gastroesophageal reflux sickness or gerd)
to determine the cause of problems with swallowing food (dysphagia) when an endoscopy is everyday
while there is chest ache that may be coming from the esophagus after the coronary heart as a purpose of chest pain has been ruled out
although esophageal manometry is uncomfortable, the technique is minimally painful because the nose through which the tube is inserted is anesthetized. as soon as the tube is in region, patients talk and breathe typically. the aspect-consequences of esophageal manometry are minor and encompass moderate sore throat, nosebleeds, and, uncommonly, sinus problems due to irritation and blockage of the ducts main from the sinuses and into the nose.
every so often, during insertion, the tube may additionally input the larynx (voice field) and reason choking. when this takes place, the trouble generally is identified right now, and the tube is hastily removed. care have to be used in passing the tube in sufferers who're unable to effortlessly swallow on command due to the fact with out a swallow to loosen up the top esophageal sphincter the tube regularly does not input the esophagus however instead may also enter the larynx.