laparoscopic surgical procedure and hand-assisted laparoscopic surgical operation (hals) are, "minimally invasive" techniques generally used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. unlike conventional surgical procedure at the colon or different parts of the intestines wherein a protracted incision down the center of the abdomen is required, laparoscopic surgical operation calls for handiest small "keyhole" incisions within the stomach. within the case of hand-assisted surgical treatment, a three-4 inch incision is also used to permit the surgeon's hand get right of entry to to the abdominal organs. as a end result, the individual undergoing the procedure may revel in much less ache and scarring after surgery, and a more fast recovery.
laparoscopy may be used to deal with the subsequent conditions:
crohn's disorder unresponsive to scientific therapy or inflicting a blockage
diverticulitis with recurrent attacks or failure of medical remedy
familial polyposis, a condition inflicting a couple of colon polyps that places you at better chance of colorectal cancer, which then calls for overall colonectomy (removal of the colon)
ulcerative colitis unresponsive to medical treatment
colon polyps which might be too big to take away through colonoscopy
chronic extreme constipation that isn't always successfully dealt with with medication can also require shortening the duration of the colon by using getting rid of a part of the colon the use of surgical operation.