Tetracycline may be a yellow, odorless, crystalline powder. antibacterial drug is stable in air however exposure to sturdy daylight causes it to darken. Its efficiency is affected in solutions of hydrogen ion concentration below a pair of and is speedily destroyed by alkali hydroxide solutions. antibacterial drug is extremely slightly soluble in water, freely soluble in dilute acid and in alkali hydroxide solutions, slenderly soluble in alcohol, and much insoluble in chloroform and in ether.
The chemical name for antibacterial drug complex is 4-(Dimethylamino)1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,-12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide monohydrochloride.
Each capsule, for oral administration, contains 250 mg or five hundred mg antibacterial drug complex.
Inactive Ingredients: disaccharide, light-weight oil, and metal stearate.
The 250 mg and five hundred mg capsule shells contain D&C yellow no. 10, FD&C blue no. 1, FD&C yellow no. 6, gelatin, and oxide.
The acquisition ink for the 250 mg and five hundred mg capsules contains D&C yellow #10, FD&C blue no. 1, FD&C blue no. 2, FD&C red no. 40, iron compound black, pharmaceutical shellac glaze, antifreeze and n-butyl alcohol.
Generic Name: tetracycline
Achromycin V Indications:
To reduce the event of drug-resistant microorganism and maintain the effectiveness of antibacterial V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) and different medication medication, antibacterial V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) ought to be used solely to treat or stop infections that are verified or powerfully suspected to be caused by inclined microorganism. once culture and status data are out there, they ought to be thought of in choosing or modifying medication medical aid. within the absence of such information, native medical specialty and status patterns might contribute to the empiric choice of medical aid.
Achromycin V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) is indicated within the treatment of infections caused by inclined strains of the selected organisms in the conditions listed below:
higher tract infections caused by eubacterium pyogenes, eubacterium pneumoniae and Hemophilus influenzae. Note: antibacterial V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) mustn't be used for eubacterium illness unless the organism has been incontestable to be inclined.
Lower tract infections caused by eubacterium pyogenes, eubacterium pneumoniae,
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Eaton agent, and enterics sp.)
Skin and soft tissue infections caused by eubacterium pyogenes, coccus aureaus. (Tetracyclines aren't the medication of alternative within the treatment of any style of coccus infections.)
Infections caused by bacteria together with chain of mountains rickettsiosis, rickettsial disease cluster infections, Q fever, rickettsiosis.
Psittacosis of primary atypical pneumonia caused by chlamydia.
Infections caused by chlamydia like uncomplicated channel, endocervical or body part infections, inclusion inflammation, trachoma, and VD.
Granuloma inquinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
Relapsing fever caused by spirochaete sp.
Bartonellosis caused by Bartonella bacilliformis.
Chancroid caused by Hemophilus ducreyi.
Tularemia caused by bacteria species.
Plaque caused by Yersinia pestis.
Cholera caused by vibrion cholerae.
Brucellosis caused by Brucellaspecies (tetracycline is also employed in conjunction with associate aminoglycoside).
Infections thanks to Campylobacter craniate.
As connected medical aid in viscus protozoal infection caused by Entamoeba histolytica.
Urinary tract infections caused by inclined strains of escherichia, Klebsiella, etc.
Other infections caused by inclined gram-negative organisms like E. coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Shigellasp., Acinetobacter sp., enterics sp., and Bacteroides sp.
In severe skin disorder, connected medical aid with antibacterial V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) is also helpful.
When antibiotic is contraindicated, tetracyclines are different medication within the treatment of the subsequent infections:
Syphilis and yaws caused by spirochete paleostriatum and pertenue, severally,
Vincent's infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme,
Infections caused by bacteria,
Anthrax caused by bioarm,
Infections thanks to L. monocytogenes,
Actinomycosis caused by eubacteria species,
Infections thanks to clostridia species.
Achromycin V Dosage:
Usual daily dose, one gram as five hundred mg b.i.d. or 250 mg Q.i.d. Higher doses like five hundred mg Q.i.d. could also be needed for severe infections or for those infections that don't answer the smaller doses.
Children higher than Eight Years old
Usual daily dose, ten to twenty mg/lb (25 to fifty mg/kg) weight divided in four equal doses.
Therapy ought to be continued for a minimum of twenty four to forty eight hours when symptoms and fever have subsided.
For treatment of brucellosis, five hundred mg Achromycin V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) q.i.d. for 3 weeks ought to be in the midst of antibiotic drug, one gram intramuscularly double daily the primary week and once daily the second week.
For the treatment of pox in patients allergic to antibiotic drug, the subsequent dose of Achromycin V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) is recommended: early pox (less than one year's duration), 500 mg q.i.d. for fifteen days. pox of over one year's length (except neurosyphilis), 500 mg q.i.d. for thirty days.
For treatment of Cupid's itch, the suggested dose is five hundred mg orally fourfold every day for seven days.
In cases of moderate to severe inflammatory disease that, within the judgement of the practitioner, need long treatment, the suggested initial dose is one gram daily in divided doses. once improvement is noted, dose ought to be step by step reduced to maintenance levels starting from one hundred twenty five mg to five hundred mg daily. In some patients it should be potential to take care of adequate remission of lesions with alternate day or intermittent medical care. Achromycin V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) medical care of inflammatory disease ought to augment the opposite customary measures legendary to be important . length of long treatment which may safely be suggested has not been established (see WARNINGS and Carcinogenesis, cause, Impairment of Fertility).
Concomitant medical care
Absorption of Achromycin V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) is impaired by antacids containing aluminium, metal or metallic element and preparations containing iron, Zn or hydrogen carbonate.
Food and a few farm product additionally interfere with absorption.
In the treatment of strep infections, a therapeutic dose of Achromycin V (Tetracycline HCl Capsules, USP) ought to be administered for a minimum of 10 days.
In patients with urinary organ impairment: total dose ought to be attenuate by reduction of suggested individual doses and/or by extending time intervals between doses.
Uncomplicated canal, endocervical or body part infections in adults caused by Chlamydiatrachomatis: five hundred mg, by mouth, fourfold every day for a minimum of seven days.
Administration of adequate amounts of fluid with the capsule formulation of bactericide is suggested to clean down the drug and cut back the chance of passageway irritation and ulceration.
Achromycin V Side Effects:
Gastrointestinal: eating disorder, nausea, epigastric distress, vomiting, diarrhea, glossitis, black side effect, dysphagia, enterocolitis, and inflammatory lesions (with monilial overgrowth) within the anogenital region.
Rare instances of oesophagitis and muscular structure ulceration are according in patients receiving significantly the capsule and conjointly the pill varieties of tetracyclines.
Most of the patients were according to own taken medication forthwith before visiting bed.
Teeth: permanent discoloration of teeth is also caused throughout tooth development. Enamel dysplasia has conjointly been according.
Skin: maculopapular and erythrematous rashes. Exfoliative eczema has been according however is unusual. onychosis and discoloration of the nails are according seldom.
Renal Toxicity: rise in staff of life has been according and is outwardly dose connected.
Liver: hepatotoxicity and liver failure are determined in patients receiving massive doses of bactericide and in tetracycline-treated patients with nephritic impairment.
Hypersensitivity Reactions: rash, angioneurotic lump, hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylactoid peliosis, carditis, exacerbation of general autoimmune disorder, and body fluid sickness-like reactions, as fever, rash, and pain.
Blood: haemolytic anaemia, thrombopenia, autoimmune disorder, leukopenia and symptom are according.
Other: bulging fontanels in infants and intracranial pressure in adults.
When given over prolonged periods, tetracyclines are according to supply brown-black microscopic discoloration of thyroid glands. No abnormalities of thyroid perform studies are better-known to occur.
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