what's addison’s disease, addison’s disease is a situation that impacts your frame’s adrenal glands. those glands are located on top of your kidneys. they make hormones that affect your mood, boom, metabolism, tissue characteristic, and how your body responds to pressure.
addison’s disease damages those glands. it reasons your frame to close down production of the hormones. the ailment normally impacts humans 30 to 50 years of age. but, it can arise at any age and affects each ladies and men.
symptoms of addison’s ailment
signs and symptoms appear over a duration of several months. they're difficult to diagnose because they're indistinct. signs and symptoms consist of:
muscle weak spot
joint or muscle pain
nausea, vomiting, and or diarrhea (leading to dehydration)
modifications in mood or personality, along with irritability, tension, or melancholy
loss of appetite
darkening of the skin (referred to as hyperpigmentation)
lightheadedness or fainting while status up, due to low blood stress
cravings for salty meals
surprising, intense pain in the stomach (decrease stomach), decrease back, or legs
confusion or slurred speech
whilst signs and symptoms seem all at once, or quick worsen, it is referred to as acute adrenal failure. now and again it’s referred to as addisonian disaster. this will cause loss of life if now not treated. if you have any of the subsequent symptoms, contact your medical doctor or visit an emergency room right now.
surprising, excessive ache in your lower again, abdomen, or legs
severe vomiting and diarrhea (so one can cause dehydration)
decrease than ordinary blood pressure
excessive levels of potassium and low tiers of sodium.
what causes addison’s disease?
addison’s sickness is resulting from damage to your adrenal glands or while your glands are stricken by another medical condition. this is called adrenal insufficiency. there are 2 forms of adrenal insufficiency:
number one adrenal insufficiency: this happens thru damage for your adrenal glands with the aid of an autoimmune ailment (while your frame assaults its personal immune machine). other reasons of number one adrenal insufficiency encompass:
tuberculosis (or different infections) of the adrenal glands
cancer of the adrenal glands
bleeding of the adrenal glands
secondary adrenal insufficiency: this happens when some other situation causes the adrenal glands to forestall producing hormones. for instance, a hassle together with your pituitary gland can purpose secondary addison’s disorder. or, you can develop addison’s disorder if you all of sudden prevent taking a corticosteroid medication (consisting of prednisone). corticosteroids are from time to time prescribed to treat conditions together with bronchial asthma, allergies, arthritis, cancer, and immune system troubles.
how is addison’s disease recognized?
your doctor will ask you approximately your medical history and your signs. she or he may perform laboratory tests to determine whether you have got addison’s disease. the ones lab checks encompass:
blood checks to measure your body’s hormone and mineral tiers. your health practitioner may take a look at your blood before and after an injection to see if your frame is responding generally to increased levels of sure hormones.
automated tomography (ct) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (mri) to study the dimensions of your adrenal glands or pituitary gland. these scans are just like an x-ray.
can addison’s disease be avoided or prevented?
addison’s ailment can't be averted or avoided.
addison’s disease remedy
treating addison’s disease usually entails taking prescription hormones. this may include hydrocortisone, prednisone, or cortisone acetate. if your body is not making enough of the hormone aldosterone, your health practitioner can also prescribe fludrocortisone. these drugs are taken each day by mouth (in tablet form).
your health practitioner may advocate which you take a medicine called dehydroepiandrosterone. a few ladies who have addison’s disorder locate that taking this remedy improves their temper and sex pressure.
if you are experiencing an addisonian disaster, you want instant medical care. the remedy normally includes intravenous (iv) injections of hydrocortisone, saline (salt water), and dextrose (sugar). these injections assist repair blood strain, blood sugar, and potassium tiers to regular.
residing with addison’s ailment
dwelling with addison’s ailment involves studying to stay with the unsightly signs and symptoms. further, you want to put together for the opportunity of addisonian disaster. that is a scientific emergency that calls for you to:
bring a clinical alert card and bracelet always. this offers emergency medical workers statistics about your condition.
keep more remedy with you if you forget to take your medication. ask your health practitioner for an injectable shape of corticosteroids to be used in an emergency.
inform your health practitioner if your signs and symptoms change or in case your medicines forestall working the way they used to.