a cystoscopy is an examination of the internal of the bladder and urethra, the tube that includes urine from the bladder to the out of doors of the frame. in guys, the urethra is the tube that runs thru the penis. the physician performing the exam uses a cystoscope -- a long, thin device with an eyepiece at the outside end and a tiny lens and a mild on the give up that is inserted into the bladder. the physician inserts the cystoscope into the affected person's urethra, and the small lens magnifies the inner lining of the urethra and bladder, permitting the medical doctor to peer within the hollow bladder. many cystoscopes have extra channels inside the sheath to insert other small contraptions that may be used to treat or diagnose urinary issues.

a medical doctor may perform a cystoscopy to locate the motive of many urinary conditions, including

common urinary tract infections
blood in the urine, that is referred to as hematuria
a frequent and pressing want to urinate
uncommon cells observed in a urine sample
painful urination, continual pelvic ache, or interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
urinary blockage as a result of prostate enlargement or some different atypical narrowing of the urinary tract
a stone within the urinary tract, consisting of a kidney stone
an unusual boom, polyp, tumor, or most cancers within the urinary tract