an echocardiogram  is an ultrasound test that could examine the structures of the heart, in addition to the route of blood flow inside it. technicians in particular skilled in echocardiography produce the snap shots and motion pictures, frequently using a unique probe or transducer that is placed in various locations on the chest wall, to view the coronary heart from unique instructions. cardiologists, or heart professionals, are trained to evaluate those photos to assess coronary heart feature and offer a document of the outcomes.the echocardiogram is just one of the many tests that can be finished to evaluate coronary heart anatomy and function.

the purpose of an echocardiogram is to evaluate the structure and characteristic of the coronary heart. it's miles encouraged as a noninvasive system as part of assessing capability and hooked up heart troubles.

regarding structure, the check can examine the general size of the heart, the dimensions of the 4 heart chambers, and the advent and characteristic of the four coronary heart valves. it may take a look at the two septa of the heart; the atrial septum separates the right and left atrium and the ventricular septum separates the proper and left ventricles. it could also verify the pericardium (the sac that lines the coronary heart) and the aorta.

concerning feature, the echocardiogram can decide how the coronary heart valves open and near. it could evaluate whether or not the coronary heart muscle squeezes as it should be and how efficiently. cardiac output measures how a great deal blood the heart pumps. ejection fraction measures what percentage of blood within the heart is pumped out to the frame with each heartbeat. it could additionally measure how well the heart relaxes in between beats, when the heart fills for the following pump.

a few coronary heart troubles that the echocardiogram can help evaluate include the following:

heart valve problems: stenosis (narrowed), insufficiency or regurgitation (leaking), and endocarditis (contamination of the valves)
abnormalities of the septum: atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and patent foramen ovale
wall motion abnormalities: cardiomyopathy, atherosclerotic heart disease (additionally referred to as coronary artery disorder), and trauma
sicknesses of the pericardium (the sac that traces the heart): this consists of pericardial effusion (assessment of fluid in the pericardial sac

there aren't any dangers associated with a transthoracic echocardiogram.

the dangers of a transesophageal echocardiogram are due to the sedation required to carry out the manner or, very hardly ever, harm to the esophagus.