iodine is a chemical element. the body desires iodine but cannot make it. the iodine wished through the body have to come from the food regimen. often, there's little or no iodine in meals, unless it has been delivered at some stage in processing. processed food generally contains more iodine due to the addition of iodized salt. maximum of the sector's iodine is found inside the ocean, where it's far concentrated by means of sea life, mainly seaweed.

the thyroid gland wishes iodine to make hormones. if the thyroid doesn't have enough iodine to do its job, comments structures inside the frame reason the thyroid to paintings harder. this could purpose an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which will become obtrusive as a swollen neck.

other effects of now not having sufficient iodine (iodine deficiency) also are serious. iodine deficiency and the resulting low levels of thyroid hormone can cause women to stop ovulating, leading to infertility. iodine deficiency can also result in an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid and may boom the chance of having thyroid most cancers. some researchers suppose that iodine deficiency may additionally growth the chance of other cancers inclusive of prostate, breast, endometrial, and ovarian most cancers.

iodine deficiency at some stage in being pregnant is severe for both the mother and the toddler. it is able to result in high blood stress for the duration of being pregnant for the mom, and mental retardation for the infant. iodine plays an important function in improvement of the significant fearful device. in extreme cases, iodine deficiency can result in cretinism, a disease that involves significantly stunted physical and mental increase.

iodine deficiency is a commonplace world fitness trouble. the most identified shape of deficiency is goiter. moreover, throughout the globe iodine deficiency is notion to be the most common preventable purpose of intellectual retardation. early within the 20th century, iodine deficiency changed into common within the us and canada, however the addition of iodine to salt has improved public fitness. the addition of iodine to salt is needed in canada. inside the us, iodized salt is not required, however it's miles extensively to be had. researchers estimate that iodized salt is used regularly through approximately 1/2 the usa populace.

iodine is used to save you and deal with iodine deficiency and its consequences, together with goiter and a few thyroid issues. it is also used for treating a pores and skin disease due to a fungus (cutaneous sporotrichosis); treating fibrocystic breast disease and breast pain (mastalgia); weight loss; preventing breast cancer, eye disorder, diabetes, and heart ailment and stroke; and as an expectorant. iodine is also used for extreme bacterial diseases called anthrax and syphilis. 

iodine is likewise used to for radiation emergencies, to shield the thyroid gland towards radioactive iodides. potassium iodide capsules for use in a radiation emergency are to be had as fda-permitted merchandise (thyroshield, iosat) and at the net as food dietary supplements. potassium iodide have to most effective be utilized in a radiation emergency, now not earlier of an emergency to save you sickness.

iodine is applied to the pores and skin for skin irritation (dermatitis) and other skin issues consisting of eczema and psoriasis, to kill germs and heal wounds, to prevent discomfort within the mouth or along the digestive tract (mucositis), and treat diabetic and different external ulcers. iodine is also implemented inside the mouth to deal with gum ailment (periodontitis) and reduce bleeding after the removal of a tooth. iodine can also be used as a throat rinse to reduce signs of pneumonia.

iodine is used inside the eyes to reduce swelling in toddlers and to save you imaginative and prescient loss in patients with ulcers of the cornea.

iodine is used within the vagina to prevent submit-cesarean swelling of the liner of the uterus.

iodine is injected right into a part of the pelvis to deal with a condition referred to as chyluria.

iodine is likewise used for water purification.

other names is iodine recognised through:
atomic number fifty three, cadexomer iodine, diatomic iodine, i2, iode, iode de cadexomer, iode diatomique, iode moléculaire, iode mono-atomique, iode de povidone, iode de sodium, iodide, iodized salt, iodure, iodure de potassium, iodure de potassium en solution saturée, iodure de sodium, ki, lugol's answer, molecular iodine, monoatomic iodine, numéro atomique fifty three, periodate de sodium, potassium iodide, povidone iodine, saturated solution potassium iodide, sel iodé, sodium iodide, sodium iodine, sodium periodate, solution de lugol, sski, yodo.

probably effective for:
iodine deficiency. taking iodine supplements, which include iodized salt, is powerful for stopping and treating iodine deficiencies.

radiation exposure. taking iodine by way of mouth is effective for defensive in opposition to publicity to radioactive iodides in a radiation emergency. but, it should not be used for popular safety towards radiation.

thyroid situations. taking iodine by using mouth can improve thyroid hurricane and lumps at the thyroid referred to as thyroid nodules.
leg ulcers. applying iodine in the shape of cadexomer iodine or povidone-iodine to venous leg ulcers together with compression therapy appears assist heal leg ulcers and reduce the danger of a destiny contamination.